Touchous: means the same as touchy, i.e. excessively sensitive, primed to take offense or become upset.
Tight: means affected by alcohol: “a little tight” is buzzed, “very tight” is drunk.
Phillipic: a tirade or screed, a nasty attack, usually a verbal one, as opposed to a written one.
Lane Cake: a bourbon-soaked layer cake. Think pound cake, except this one can get you drunk.
Shinny: a southern word for booze.
Catawba worms: these are a kind of caterpillar that are found on Catalpa Trees. (Catawba is a less common way to say Catalpa.) The caterpillars grow to be about the length of two nickels edge to edge–pretty big as American caterpillars go. The reason Scout would have seen a bucket of catawba worms is because they were (and still are) prized as fishbait.
Scuppernong: a large grape native to the American South and usually green or bronze, but similar in shape and texture to a “white” grape you’d see at the grocery store. Apparently the oldest living wine-making vine is a 400-year-old Scuppernong (also called scupanon) on Roanoke island in North Carolina.
Scuppernong Arbor: an arbor is (in this context) a wooden scaffold built to support growing grapes.
Morphodite: a comic pronunciation of “hermaphrodite”
Obstreperous: noisy and difficult to control. I almost didn’t look this word up, because I felt like I knew what it meant, but really I didn’t know whether it meant obstinate or objectionable or obnoxious–I just knew it meant something like what the “ob” means in all of those words–but those words have basically entirely different meanings, so I made myself look it up.
Chifferobe: The term itself is a portmanteau of the words chiffonier and wardrobe. It’s a kind of wooden furniture with a tall compartment for hanging clothing and a series of drawers alongside. The wikipedia entry for Chifferobe and Chiffonier really helped me figure this out. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chifforobe
Ex Cathedra: spoken or issued with authority derived from one’s office. Example: The pope may say his own opinion, but when he speaks ex cathedra, he speaks for the Catholic Church.
Yaws (from wikipedia): is a tropical infection of the skin, bones and joints caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum pertenue. The disease begins with a round, hard swelling of the skin, 2 to 5 centimeters in diameter. The center may break open and form an ulcer.
Largo: a very slow tempo, or a musical piece or movement in such a tempo
Sibilant: sounded/spoken with a hissing effect
Edited 24 Jan 2017 for spacing only.